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Understanding pre-, peri-, and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform muscle strengthening activities using the Theory of Planned Behaviour

Doherty, Julie, Giles, Melanie, Gallagher, Alison and Simpson, Ellen EA (2018) Understanding pre-, peri-, and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform muscle strengthening activities using the Theory of Planned Behaviour. Maturitas, 109 . pp. 89-96. [Journal article]

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URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378512217308551

DOI: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.12.014


Although physical activity guidelines recommend muscle strengthening activities (MSA), public health initiatives focus predominantly on increasing aerobic activity without mentioning MSA. This study sought to identify the issues influencing pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women’s intentions to perform MSA with a view to informing future interventions for these populations. Mixed methods guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour were used to explore factors that influence women’s intentions to perform MSA. In stage one, 34 women participated in either a focus group or interview. Discussions were transcribed verbatim and analysed based on menopausal status using deductive approach. In stage two, 186 women (M = 47 years, SD = 9) completed a questionnaire to assess participant demographics, levels of MSA, affective and instrumental attitudes, injunctive and descriptive norms, self-efficacy and perceived behavioural control. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, regression analyses and analysis of variances. Behavioural beliefs were: improved muscular health; psychological benefits; improved body shape. Normative beliefs were: health professionals; family members; work colleagues. Control beliefs were: equipment; motivation; time constraints; knowledge; physical capability; fear of judgment. However, these beliefs were not well established. Self-efficacy was the strongest predictor of intentions (spc2 = 0.118) followed by affective attitudes (spc2 = 0.092) with no significant differences on TPB variables between groups. If rising rates of musculoskeletal conditions in women are to be prevented, there is an urgent need to increase women’s knowledge of recommended levels of muscle strengthening with a view to promoting positive attitudes and enhancing women’s sense of self-efficacy across all menopausal phases.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Musculoskeletal diseases, ageing, prevention, muscle strengthening activities, menopausal status and Theory of Planned Behaviour
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Computing and Intelligent Systems
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Psychology
Research Institutes and Groups:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
Psychology Research Institute > Health, Education and Well-being
Psychology Research Institute
ID Code:39348
Deposited By: Dr Liz Simpson
Deposited On:22 Jan 2018 09:25
Last Modified:23 Jan 2018 15:25

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