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Risk assessment methodology for onboard hydrogen storage

Dadashzadeh, Mohammad, Kashkarov, Sergii, Makarov, Dmitriy and Molkov, Vladimir (2018) Risk assessment methodology for onboard hydrogen storage. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 43 (12). pp. 6462-6475. [Journal article]

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URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360319918303422

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.195

Abstract

A quantitative risk assessment of onboard hydrogen-powered vehicle storage, exposed to a fire, is performed. The risk is defined twofold as a cost of human life per vehicle fire, and annual fatality rate per vehicle. The increase of fire resistance rating of the storage tank is demonstrated to drastically reduce the risk to acceptable level. Hazard distances are calculated by validated engineering tools for blast wave and fireball, which follow catastrophic tank rupture in a fire, act in all directions and have larger hazard distances compared to jet fire. The fatality cash value, probabilities of vehicle fire and failure of thermally activated pressure relief device are taken from published sources. A vulnerability probit function is employed to calculate probability of emergency operations’ failure to control fire and prevent tank rupture. The risk is presented as a function of fire resistance rating of onboard storage.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:hydrogen safety, quantitative risk assessment, onboard hydrogen storage, blast wave and fireball, fire resistance rating, socio-economics
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment
Faculty of Art, Design and the Built Environment > School of the Built Environment
Research Institutes and Groups:Built Environment Research Institute
Built Environment Research Institute > Hydrogen Safety Engineering and Research Centre (HySAFER)
ID Code:39709
Deposited By: Dr Mohammad Dadashzadeh
Deposited On:06 Mar 2018 14:00
Last Modified:31 Dec 2018 23:23

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