Jonas, J, Burns, J, Abel, EW, Cresswell, MJ, Strain, JJ and Paterson, CR (1993) Impaired mechanical strength of bone in experimental copper deficiency. Annals of Nutrition and metabolism, 37 (5). pp. 245-252. [Journal article]
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Copper, through its role as cofactor for lysyl oxidase, is essential for intra- and inter-molecular cross-links in collagen. Copper deficiency, in man and in animals, is associated with bone fragility ascribed to defective cross-links. To assess bone strength in copper-deficient animals, we designed a sensitive torsion-testing apparatus according to biomechanical considerations. Femora from 7 copper-deficient rats and from their pair-fed controls were tested in torsional loading until fracture. Significant decreases in the maximal sustained torque (t = 2.93, p < 0.05), in the ultimate angular deformation (t = 2.52, p < 0.05) and in the toughness (t = 2.88, p < 0.05) were demonstrated. In a complementary study, it was shown that the ash weight and the calcium content of the femora from the copper-deficient animals did not differ from those of the controls. It was likely, therefore, that the impaired mechanical strength was related to defects in the collagen component of bone.
|Item Type:||Journal article|
|Faculties and Schools:||Faculty of Life and Health Sciences|
Faculty of Life and Health Sciences > School of Biomedical Sciences
|Research Institutes and Groups:||Biomedical Sciences Research Institute > Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health (NICHE)|
Biomedical Sciences Research Institute
|Deposited By:||Mrs Alison Deehan|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2010 15:12|
|Last Modified:||22 Aug 2012 10:06|
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