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Radio-frequency powered atrial defibrillation with a biphasic rectangular pulse waveform: a safety study at 3 and 5 Jouls

Escalona, OJ, Walsh, SJ, Allen, JD, Anderson, JMCC and Adgey, AAJ (2004) Radio-frequency powered atrial defibrillation with a biphasic rectangular pulse waveform: a safety study at 3 and 5 Jouls. In: 5th IEEE International Caracas Conference on Devices, Circuits and Systems, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). Vol 5 (1) 6 pp. [Conference contribution]

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URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=1393403

DOI: 10.1109/ICCDCS.2004.1393403

Abstract

A novel device for transvenous atrial defibrillation with a biphasic rectangular pulse waveform, with instant power supplied through a radio-frequency energy-transfer link in a short air gap of up to 18 mm, has been investigated and is briefly described here. Previous waveform assessments, have suggested that a biphasic and asymmetric (second phase at 50% amplitude) pulse waveform of energy discharge is of particular clinical interest. Hence, a safety study upon the haemodynamic effects of such a novel waveform for atrial defibrillation, was carried out on 6 animal models (pigs), at energy levels of 3 J and 5 J. The results demonstrated relatively small and reversible effects on the haemodynamics and the novel waveform was comparable in effect to a conventional, capacitor-based (with RC exponential decay), biphasic waveform. Also, an assessment of the device output performance for various air gap distances is presented.

Item Type:Conference contribution (Paper)
Keywords:Defibrillators; Electric power systems; Energy transfer; Mathematical models; Haemodynamics; Pulse waveform; Radio-frequency; Reversible effects; Waveform analysis; asymmetric pulse waveform; biphasic rectangular pulse waveform; energy discharge; haemodynamic effects; radiofrequency energy-transfer; radiofrequency powered atrial defibrillation.
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Computing & Engineering
Faculty of Computing & Engineering > School of Engineering
Research Institutes and Groups:Engineering Research Institute
Engineering Research Institute > Nanotechnology & Integrated BioEngineering Centre (NIBEC)
ID Code:8642
Deposited By: Professor Omar Escalona
Deposited On:08 Feb 2016 14:20
Last Modified:08 Feb 2016 14:20

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