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Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of “Naxalite” Activity in the Districts of India

Borooah, Vani (2008) Deprivation, Violence, and Conflict: An Analysis of “Naxalite” Activity in the Districts of India. International Journal of Conflict and Violence, 2 (2). pp. 317-333. [Journal article]

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DOI: 10.4119/UNIBI/ijcv.42


This paper poses two questions: is it a fact that there is more violence in Naxalite (i.e. Maoist) affected districts compared to districts which are free of Naxalite activity? can the fact that Naxalite activity exists in some districts of India, but not in others, be explained by differences between districts in their economic and social conditions? Using a number of sources, this study identifies districts in India in which there was significant Naxalite activity. Correlating these findings with district level economic, social, and crime indicators, the econometric results show that, after controlling for other variables, Naxalite activity in a district had, if anything, a dampening effect on its level of violent crime and crimes against women. Furthermore, even after controlling for other variables, the probability of a district being Naxalite affected rose with an increase in its poverty rate and fell with a rise in its literacy rate. So, one prong in an anti-Naxalite strategy would be to address the twin issues of poverty and illiteracy in India. As the simulations reported in the paper show, this might go a considerable way in ridding districts of Naxalite presence.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:India, districts, deprivation, violent crime, Naxalite movement
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Criminology, Politics and Social Policy
Faculty of Social Sciences
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute for Research in Social Sciences > Social Work & Social Policy
Institute for Research in Social Sciences
ID Code:9053
Deposited By: Professor Vani Borooah
Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 15:56
Last Modified:02 Mar 2017 10:54

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