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Health Policy in the Baltic Countries since the beginning of the 1990s

Bankauskaite, Vaida and O'Connor, Julia S (2008) Health Policy in the Baltic Countries since the beginning of the 1990s. Health Policy, 88 (2-3). pp. 155-165. [Journal article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/j.healthpol.2007.10.017


AbstractThe objective of this article is to compare the development of health policies in three Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the period from 1992 to 2004 and reflect on whether key dimensions of these policies are developing in parallel, diverging or even converging in some respects. The paper identifies the similarity in the overall goals and compares the policy content in primary health care, the hospital sector and financing. We conclude that health policy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania has been progressing in parallel towards a Western European social insurance funding model, developing a primary care system anchored on a general practitioner service and lessening the hospital orientation of the pre-1990s system. There is evidence of both convergence and divergence across the three countries and of progress in the direction of EU15 in key health policy and outcome characteristics. These patterns are explained partly by differing starting points and partly by political and economic factors over the 1992–2004 period.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords:Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Policy; Convergence; Health system; Health reform
Faculties and Schools:Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Criminology, Politics and Social Policy
Research Institutes and Groups:Institute for Research in Social Sciences > Social Work & Social Policy
Institute for Research in Social Sciences
ID Code:9765
Deposited By: Professor Julia S O'Connor
Deposited On:27 Jan 2010 16:28
Last Modified:29 Jul 2013 11:30

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